Overview of ACL Injuries
Tearing/spraining of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the injury of an important ligament inside the knee. This is one of two ligaments inside the knee capsule that connect the upper leg bone (femur) to the lower leg bone (tibia). Theses injuries are common with activities and sports that involve dynamic movements such as jumping, landing, running and changing directions. Slips and falls also can lead to ACL injury.
After an ACL injury your knee may be unstable, swell, and hurt too much to stand or walk. Treatments can include protective bracing, rest, ice, compression, elevation, myofascial release, joint mobilizations, and rehabilitative exercises to restore range of motion, mobility, strength, and stability. Depending on the severity of your injury, surgical intervention may be needed to repair or replace the torn ligament.
ACL injury risk can be decreased with proper training programs that emphasize joint mobility and stability. Building posterior chain (hamstrings, buttock, and back muscles) strength, core stability, hip stability, hip mobility, technique training on jumping, pivoting and cutting help decrease ACL injury risk.